TOP 25
Types of Referrals
Crimes, Offenses and Violations
Youth/Teen/Student/Peer Court 


Below is a list of the top twenty-five (25) crimes, offenses and/or violations referred to youth court, teen court, peer court, student court and peer jury diversion programs around the globe.  This data has been compiled using several large scale data collection projects largely funded by the United States Department of Justice.  Over the past twenty-five (25) years of the Global Youth Justice Movement, the types of crimes, offenses and violations referred to these diversion programs has expanded, to also include these diversion programs taking second time offenders.

As a general rule, crimes, offenses and violations which are violent, sexual and psychological are not solely referred to these diversion programs.  For more specific information, please visit the resources page on this Global Youth Justice Website:




Typical Cases:

  • Shoplifting
  • Stealing a Bicycle
  • Stealing from Backpacks and Lockers




Typical Cases:

  • Tagging and Graffiti
  • Drawing on Public Restroom Walls
  • Keying a Car and Cutting Auto Tires



Alcohol Offenses

Typical Cases:

  • Underage Purchase or Possession
  • Underage Consumption of Alcohol
  • Providing Alcohol to Underage Persons
  • Possessing an Open Container in Public/Car



Disorderly Conduct

Typical Cases:

  • Fighting in a Public Place
  • Cursing at a Teacher
  • Flashing, Mooning and Indecent Exposure



Simple Assault or Battery

Typical Cases:

  • Bullying when it Amounts to Assault
  • Child/Parent Physical Disagreements
  • Shoving or Pushing a Person



Possession of Marijuana

Typical Cases:

  • Possessing Small Amounts of Marijuana
  • Smoking Marijuana in a Public Place



Tobacco Offenses

Typical Cases:

  • Illegally Purchasing Tobacco
  • Chewing or Smoking Tobacco at School
  • Providing or Enabling Youth to Use Tobacco



Curfew Violations

Typical Cases:

  • Sneaking Out of Home After Curfew
  • Walking Home After Curfew
  • Violating a Park Curfew



School Disciplinary Offense

Typical Cases:

  • Disrupting Class
  • Food Fights and Cheating
  • Violating the Dress Code



Traffic Violations

Typical Cases:

  • Speeding or Failing to Yield
  • Not Wearing a Seat Belt
  • Riding in the Back of a Pickup Truck




Typical Cases:

  • Cutting Class
  • Having Excessive Tardies
  • Violating Court Order to Attend School



Criminal Trespass

Typical Cases:

  • Entering a Vacant Building
  • Entering Land or a Dwelling Without Permission
  • Returning to a Store After Being Banned



Mischief/Criminal Nuisance

Typical Cases:

  • Damaging a Mailbox
  • Egging or Toilet-papering a House
  • Picking Flowers in a Restricted or Private Area



Possession of Drug Paraphernalia

Typical Cases:

  • Having a Pipe in Pocket with Resin
  • Using Drug Paraphernalia to Use a Controlled Substance
  • Possessing Drug Paraphernalia to Grow Marijuana




Typical Cases:

  • Bullying
  • Making Telephone Calls Without Good Reason
  • Insulting or Taunting Another Person to Provoke a Disorderly Response



Typical Cases:

  • Writing Bad Checks
  • Impersonating Another Person
  • Committing Fraud Via E-Mail




Typical Cases:

  • Enter Friends or Relatives Homes to Steal Something
  • Entering a School Building to Steal Something
  • Entering a Home/School and Causing Damage



False Reporting

Typical Cases:

  • Pulling a Fire Alarm
  • Calling in False 911 Calls
  • Calling in a Bomb Threat




Typical Cases:

  • Hanging Out in a Group in Front of a Building
  • Smoking in Groups on the Street Corner
  • Being in a Park or Store After Closing



Possession of Stolen Property

Typical Cases:

  • Having a Bicycle you know is Stolen
  • Receiving Stolen Goods from a Friend
  • Being in the Company of Someone Who is Stealing



Possession of a Weapon

Typical Cases:

  • Unlawfully Possessing Pepper Spray
  • Possessing a BB or Pellet Gun While Underage
  • Carrying Weapons like Metal Knuckles or Nunchucks



Reckless Endangerment

Typical Cases:

  • Throwing Snowballs at Cars
  • Hanging on to a Moving Car
  • Speeding Out of a Parking Lot


Resisting an Officer without Violence

Typical Cases:

  • Lying to a Police Officer, including one’s Age
  • Running Away from Law Enforcement
  • Refusing to Move When Ordered by an Officer




Typical Cases:

  • Running Away from a Noncustodial Parents House
  • Going to another City/State when Forbidden by a Parent
  • Staying at a Friend or Families House without Parent Permission



Unauthorized Use of a Motor Vehicle

Typical Cases:

  • Driving Without a License
  • Unlawfully Using All-Terrain Vehicles (ATV’s)
  • Taking Parents or Friends Car without Permission