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17th Global Youth Justice Training
ESTABLISH and ENHANCE and LEARN
Teen Court - Youth Court - Student Court - Peer Court - Peer Jury 

Provincetown, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA
September 26-28, 2017


Global Youth Justice Advances
Nonprofit Approved and Expanded Services
1st Board Meeting was 1/23/17 and 501(c)(3) Approved 9/12/2017
Coming in 2017:  New Global Website

Youth Justice Statistics

USA Only



Statistical Data

(Youth Justice Programs in the USA)

 

Youth Justice Programs are also referred to as:

  • Teen Court diversion program
  • Peer Court diversion program
  • Student Court diversion program
  • Youth Court diversion program
  • Youth Peer Panel diversion program
  • Youth Peer Jury diversion program
  • Peer Jury diversion program

 Youth Justice Program Operations

  • Agencies operating and administering youth justice programs include juvenile courts, juvenile probation departments, law enforcement, private nonprofit organizations, and schools.
  • According to the Federal Government (USA):
    • Approximately 42% of youth justice programs in operation are juvenile justice system-based programs.
    • Approximately 22% of youth justice programs are community-based and are incorporated as, or operated by, private nonprofit organizations.
    • Approximately 36% of youth justice programs are school-based.

Youth Justice Program Functions

  • The primary function of most youth justice programs is to determine a fair and restorative sentence or disposition for the youth respondent.
  • According to the Federal Government (USA):
    • 93% of youth justice programs in the U.S. require youth to admit guilt prior to participating in youth court.
    • In the 7% of youth justice programs that allow youth to plead “not guilty”, if a youth chooses to plead “not guilty”, the program conducts a hearing to determine guilt or innocence. If the defendant is found “guilty,” then an appropriate disposition is rendered by the youth justice program.
    • When defendants successfully complete a youth justice program, 63% of youth justice programs dismiss the charges. 27% immediately expunge the defendant’s record.

Youth Justice Program Models (25+ Models w/100's of Programmatic Differences)

  • The four primary youth court program models are the Adult Judge, Youth Judge, Peer Jury, and Youth Tribunal Models.  Approximately twenty-five (25) variations exist, with hundreds of programmatic differences.  Some local communities operate two (2) different youth justice models.  Like Juvenile Justice - most Youth Justice operational and administrative decisions are local determined by adult community leaders, with active youth involvement.

  • According to the Federal Government (USA):
    • The Adult Judge My model is used by approximately 53% of youth justice programs.
    • The Youth Judge Model is used by approximately 18% of youth justice programs.
    • The Peer Jury Model is used by approximately 31% of youth justice programs.
    • The Youth Tribunal Model is used by approximately 10% of youth justice programs.


Typical Offenses Youth Justice Program will Accept

Source: Federal Government (USA)

Type of offense

Percentage of Youth Justice Programs that accept this type of offense

Theft

91%

Vandalism/Graffiti

76%

Alcohol

73%

Disorderly Conduct

73%

Assault

67%

Possession of Marijuana

60%

Tobacco

59%

Curfew Violations

50%

School Disciplinary

45%

Traffic Violation

39%

Truancy

39%

Trespassing

38%

Criminal Mischief

30%

Possession of Drug Paraphernalia

24%

Other drug offenses

20%

Harassment

21%

Fraud

8%


Typical Sentencing Options Youth Justice Programs Utilize

Source: Federal Government (USA)

Sentencing option

Percentage of youth justice programs that use this sentencing option

Community Service

99%

Oral/Written Apologies

94%

Essays

92%

Educational Workshops

73%

Jury Duty

73%

Restitution

61%

Alcohol/Drug Assessment

57%

Curfew

46%

Tutoring

37%

Counseling

37%

Drug Testing

31%

Victim Awareness Classes

29%

Victim/Offender Mediation

28%

Peer Mediation

23%

Jail Tour

22%

Observe Teen Court

14%

Mentoring

13%

Suspend Driver’s License

9%


Miscellaneous Facts and Stats

(USA)

  • 53% of youth justice programs require respondents to participate in jury duty at least once as part of their sentence.
  • The average amount of training that most youth justice volunteers receive is 10 hours.
  • 55% of youth justice programs close their hearings to the general public.
  • 30% of youth justice programs hold hearings at least once a month.
  • 70% of youth justice programs hold hearings all year long vs. 28% of programs that operate during the school year only.
  • The average reported annual budget for a youth justice program is approximately $32,767.  Some programs operation on a $1,000 budget and other operate on a $100,000 budget.  Programmatic services often are the primary factor in the annual operational expenses.


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